Since scholars working on Indian religions were usually themselves not Catholics, Grierson's and Otto's claims in turn nourished (or, as Raman maintains, were nourished by) "a stream of thought arising in the wake of modern Tamil historiography, which emphasized that the theological dispute was one between the Sanskritic Northern School and the Tamil Southern School". (Raman, p.13).
- 1. identification of Rāmānuja's bhakti as monotheism (hence, as the most valuable "religion" in India)
- 2. identification, within bhakti, of a Catholic and a Lutheran "church" (respectively, the Vaṭakalai and the Teṅkalai)
- 3. identification, by Tamil historians, of the best among these two (the Teṅkalai) with Tamil works and authors.