If, by contrast, the latter is the case, and no one (or not everyone) will achieve the final liberation, how can God still be though to be compassionate and ready to help all human beings?
The conundrum seems due to two sorts of problems:
- 1. The intersection of two levels of discussion, i.e., the ontology of the world and the morality of karman. The two probably should be kept distinct.
- 2. The connection of two sorts of explanations, i.e., God's intervention in the world on the one hand, and beginninglessness on the other. God seems insignificant, if he has only to guarantee that everything is repeated in exactly the same way, and whimsical if he has things be different each time.
All these questions (and some of the answers) have been inspired by Marcus Schmücker's talk on Vedānta Deśika's view of Viṣṇu, on the 24th of May, during the workshop he organised in Vienna on Viṣṇu-Nārāyaṇa.
On Vedānta Deśika, see this post. For more information on the workshop, see this page (a programme is also available, on the up-right corner). On free will, see the corresponding tag and especially this post (on free will and determinism).